Babylonian and Indian Astronomy: Early Connections

Subhash Kak


Many early scholars of Indian science, especially Western ones, tended to see Indian astronomy as largely derivative from Babylonian or Greek astronomy. This essay examines the issue with a fresh perspective and new material, and demonstrates that specific features of Indian astronomy are documented in Vedic literature long before their emergence in Mesopotamia.

Dr. Subhash Kak is a professor of computer science at Oklahoma State University (USA), a historian of science and a well-known Indologist. This paper, reproduced with his permission, was published in A Golden Chain of Civilizations: Indic, Iranic, Semitic and Hellenic Up to c. 600 BC (vol. 1, part 4 in History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, eds. D. P. Chattopadhyaya & G. C. Pande. New Delhi, Centre for Studies in Civilizations, 2007).

It is available here for download as a PDF file (230 kB) so as to preserve the diacritics and scientific notations.

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