How Deep Are the Roots of Indian Civilization?
Archaeology Answers

by Prof. B.B. Lal,
Director General (Retd.),
Archaeological Survey of India.


Since 1997, Prof. B.B. Lal has published five books dealing with various aspects of the archaeology of ancient India and the Vedic literature. The last one, How Deep Are the Roots of Indian Civilization? Archaeology Answers, published in 2009 (Aryan Books International, New Delhi), targets the lay reader. With ample photographic illustrations, it explains that almost every aspect of Indian culture is deeply rooted in the past, which is at least 5,000 years old, and offers an integrated picture of the civilization of those days — variously called the Harappan, Indus or Indus-Sarasvati Civilization.

Prof. Lal also refutes theories of an ‘Aryan Invasion’ of India or of an immigration of people from Central Asia. His thesis is that the Harappans themselves were the Vedic people and were indigenous; it also advances that sometime in the second millennium BCE, a section of the Vedic people themselves emigrated westwards to Iran and up to Turkey, contributing their mite to the local culture.

This paper — available for download as a pdf file (236 kB) so as to preserve its diacritics — is chapter 6 of this book, and is reproduced with the author’s and the publisher’s permission. (Its copyright remains with the author.)

Back to home
Back to home