Was there a Temple at Ayodhya's Janmabhumi?

by Prof. B.B. Lal,
Director General (Retd.),
Archaeological Survey of India


The existence of a Rama temple at Ayodhya’s Janmabhumi prior to the Babri Masjid has been the object of an intense controversy in recent years. The distinguished archaeologist Prof. B.B. Lal has first-hand information to provide in the matter, since he conducted excavations at the site in the 1970s.

Prof. Lal published his findings in several scholarly papers. But the lay reader may find his recent book, Rama: His Historicity, Mandir and Setu – Evidence of Literature, Archaeology and other Sciences (Aryan Books International, New Delhi, 2008) more appealing, as it compellingly builds a case for the historicity of Rama and for the existence of an ancient Rama temple at Ayodhya.

We reproduce here — available for download as a pdf file (760 kB) so as to preserve its diacritics — chapter 2 of this book, which deals with the evidence in favour of Ayodhya’s Rama temple. It is reproduced with the author’s and the publisher’s permission. (Its copyright remains with the author.)

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